Percutaneous Peripheral Artery Revascularization is performed for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). PAD occurs when the peripheral arteries to the legs, stomach, arms, and head narrow due to plaque build up, which can in turn cause additional complications, such as strokes. While PAD can sometimes be solved by healthy lifestyle changes and diet changes, a Percutaneous Peripheral Artery Revascularization is performed when the blockage has persisted after these lifestyle changes or is to immediately severe.
What to ExpectJump Up
BEFORE THE Procedure
Prior to your surgery, your doctor will perform a complete check of your medical history and the current medications you are taking. Some medications may need to be paused for some time before the procedure. Your doctor may also perform a detailed physical on you, noting the blood flow and pulse in your lower extremities. Your doctor will note, at this time, whether to use general anesthesia, where you will not be awake for the procedure, or local anesthesia, where only the treated area will be numbed.
DURING THE Procedure
Your doctor will administer the predetermined anesthesia and create an incision anywhere from 4-8inches long at the lower extremity point where the surgery will be done. A graft will be sewn to the artery at both ends enable for blood flow to return to normal. Incisions are then sutured back together with fine stitches.
AFTER THE Procedure
You will be expected to rest in the hospital for an additional two to five days to monitor your vitals and health. Like many revascularization surgeries, many complications can arise such as stroke, blood clots, etc., however, this only occurs in 2-3% of patients. After you are discharged your recovery will span over an additional two to three weeks with a slow introduction to exerting activities and heavy lifting.
How long does the procedure last?
The procedure can last anywhere between one to six hours depending on the severity.
Are there any additional or follow up procedures?
Occasionally, additional procedures are needed to monitor the surgery and ensure that the artery is functioning properly.